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Trekking Guide Around Lake Plateliai in Samogitia National Park, Lithuania

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The Wanderlust

With an awakening nature, one’s desire to spend time outside awakens as well. Good thing that there are plenty ways to do it. I had tons of easy hikes around Lithuania last year, so this time I chose to do something rather more challenging. After carefully checking the forecast of the weather we decided to go for a 4-day trek around the lake Plateliai in the Samogitia National Park. If you are interested in a trail closer to the Capital of Lithuania Vilnius, you can find one here: long trail around Lake Lakajai.

The picturesque views along Lake Plateliais is almost guaranteed throughout the journey. Photo by Alis Monte [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Connecting the Dots

Lake Plateliai 

The lake itself is the biggest lake in Samogitia and the 9th biggest in Lithuania. With a max depth of 47 m, the lake’s bottom varies as it has even 7 islands with one of them housing a castle back in the old days. To make it more precise, two castles at different times, with one of them being a castle of Queen Bona Sforza.

As the name indicates, there used to be a castle standing on the castle island in Lake Plateliai. Photo by Alis Monte [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Connecting the Dots

History & Archeology

There used to be a bridge to connect the island with the old settlement of Plateliai. You can find remains of the bridge underwater and that is not the only interesting thing archeologists found in the lake Plateliai. It is famous for its underwater archeology, scientists think that the water level used to be much lower and some of the islands are currently hiding underwater.

If that is not enough you can add ‘boring’ boats, from Vytautas the Great times, were found hiding in the depths of the lake, archeologists discovered some interesting stone formations underwater from pagan times as well. It is calculated that the water level of the lake 500 – 2500 years ago was 3 – 3,5 m lower and a relatively recently built Babrungėnai windmill had risen it even further.

It is hard to get bored of Lake Plateliai views throughout the trail. Photo by Alis Monte [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Connecting the Dots

The Legend of Lake Plateliai

The origins of the name Plateliai is associated with the word „platus” (wide). It wouldn’t be Lithuania if there was no legend for the place. Some whisper that once upon a time there was a big lake up far in the north and one day a tornado sucked up all of its water which created huge clouds of rain. Once a local girl from Samogitia saw the cloud, she shouted „Ale tā lej!… Platē lej!“ (second part of it means „wide rain”, my guess for the first part of it would be „well, that is the rain”). These words were the keyword for the lake and it dropped down on the hills to fill the gaps between them forming the lake Plateliai.

The forests in Samogitia National Park are almost untouched by humans. Photo by Alis Monte [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Connecting the Dots

Samogitia National Park

Even though lake Plateliai is the main attraction in the park, it has plenty more to offer. Like almost everything else in Lithuania, the landscape was formed when the glacier of the last ice age withdrew. Keeping in mind that Samogitia in Lithuanian is called „Žemaitija” (lowlands), the relief is relatively high, with some hills reaching up to 150-190 m.

More than a half of Somogitia national Park is covered by forests. Photo by Alis Monte [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Connecting the Dots

Almost half of the park is covered by forest and only 7% by lakes. It wouldn’t be Lithuania without marshlands and swamps, Samogitia National Park is not an exception In the north corner of the park lies the biggest boulder in Lithuania – Barstyčiai stone. In these ancient lands, coexisting with many other rare species breeds some of the last of wolves of Lithuania. If you want to learn more about this beautiful country, continue reading about regions of Lithuania.

Sometimes it feels like this place still belongs to The Ancient Gods. Photo by Alis Monte [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Connecting the Dots

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Trekking Route Key Data

Map of Samogitia National Park

As the name indicates, there used to be a castle standing on the castle island in Lake Plateliai. Photo by Alis Monte [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Connecting the Dots

Trek Around Lake Plateliai: Day 1

We met 06h30 at the train station, just 20 minutes before departure of the train. So early, just to save as much time as we can, as we need to spend 3h20 on a ride with a train from the capital of Lithuania – Vilnius to Plunge – nearest major city to the lake Plateliai. Temperatures are still low, just above zero when we left the train station, so we need to walk during the midday and have a camp prepared before the sunset, 21h00.

Repacking our backpacks before starting our journey. Photo by Doskinas [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Numi.Worldvia Numi.World

Small tip: if you want to take your four-legged friend to the train with you on the first class, you need to buy a ticket for him. As for other carriage, it seems it is for free. I took 15kg+ bag and just put it on a special shelf. I still don’t understand where the whole weight comes from. I don’t trek much, so hopefully, at the end of the season, I’ll be able to do a similar trip with less than 10 kg.

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Town Plungė

The real trip started 10h10 when we finally arrived at the train station of Plungė. The city itself has around 20,000 people and by the Lithuanian standards is a relatively big city, list 16th by population. Plungė is known for „Vici” crabsticks which are sold across Europe. The dark side of the story is that before the Holocaust the half of the city’s population was Jewish and almost all of it was executed by Nazis with the help of some locals during the World War II.

The long journey begins in a one of regional centers of Samogitia, Plungė. Photo by Alis Monte [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Connecting the Dots

The start of the trip, as usual, is the most boring. We took plenty of stops just to make ourselves comfortable with our backpacks and clothing. Adding to that we had to walk 5km just to enter to park and 5km more to enter an actual forest, so if come here with a car – good for you. The positive side of this that if you are not local, or a complete city person, you’ll be able to see a typical life of a countryside.

Most of the land in Lithuania, outside parks, is used for agriculture. Photo by Alis Monte [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Connecting the Dots

Babrungėnai Watermill

13km from Plungė we reached a first interesting point – Babrungėnai watermill. The construction of the watermill led to even further rising of the water level in the lake.

The construction of Babrungėnai watermill lead to water level raise of Lake Plateliai. Photo by Alis Monte [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Connecting the Dots

The Babrungėnai watermill was first time mentioned in 1791 and was working until 1977. In 1989 an artist Leonardas Černiauskas bought the abandoned watermill and after 7 years of restoration, he opened it as an art gallery. You can visit it for 2 €. Babrungėnai watermill is the only building of the kind made out of stone in the whole Samogitia National Park.

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Beržynėlis Campsite

It wasn’t that far for our final destination for the day, after 3km of walking we reached 3-star campsite „Beržynėlis”.

At the start we thought we won’t find a spot to build our tents. Photo by Alis Monte [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Connecting the Dots

I can hardly describe the shape of it. Friends told that it looks like „After the war” or „like dinosaurs lived here recently”, but we might have found the campsite in this shape because we came very early in the season. It was probably being under renovation works. It is very unlikely that the campsite is in this shape today.

We found everything we needed in “Beržynėlis” campsite. Photo by Alis Monte [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Connecting the Dots

You need to pay for the camping in „Beržynėlis” campsite. Thankfully, it is national, therefore the campsite costs only 1€ per person for 5 days and applies to all national campsites in Samogitia National Park. The positive side was plenty of wood laying around and most importantly – „Beržynėlis” campsite has awesome views of Lake Plateliai.

As always, the lakes are the most beautiful during the sunsets. Photo by Alis Monte [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Connecting the Dots
We were even gifted with a full moon. Photo by Alis Monte [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Connecting the Dots
After the dinner we soon went to bed because we had to rest for the remaining journey. Photo by Alis Monte [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Connecting the Dots

Trek Around Lake Plateliai: Day 2

We woke up late, as night was not as pleasant as we expected. It was cold, like really cold, from my own experience the only harder night I had in the tent was on the plateau of Mount Kazbek at ~4,600m / ~15,000ft elevation. The good thing that this time we can only blame ourselves and I bet the next night will be way more pleasant. We hit the road at 11h00, 1h late, during a slight rain for a 2km towards viewpoint.

Natural Eye of Sauron. Can you see what it is? Photo by Alis Monte [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Connecting the Dots

Beržoras St. John Nepomuk Chapel

But an interesting object found us earlier, after 1km of walking we entered a small village Beržoras and its church caught our eye, so we decided to check it out. A small wooden church was a surprise, its interior looked way richer than the outside.

Beržoras church was a real surprise. Photo by Alis Monte [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Connecting the Dots

The legend says that on this place once a statue of St. Maria appeared and villagers brought it to Plateliai. The next night the statue disappeared and returned it to its original location. After three times villagers decided to build there a church which stands to this day near the same statue, which I thought, had no meaning, so no photos this time:(

There is something about the biggest and the smallest churches, isn’t it? Photo by Alis Monte [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Connecting the Dots

Siberia Viewpoint Tower

The viewpoint tower itself is nothing special. I have seen the same design throughout Lithuania, but obviously it is not the tower but a panorama that is important.

Similar design viewpoint towers could be found all across Lithuania. Photo by Alis Monte [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Connecting the Dots

The views from Siberia viewpoint tower are definitely worth it, especially if you know what you see. It was like a map to us. We could see, where we came from and where are we headed. The most interesting landmarks we saw from the tower was the old Plateliai settlement in Šventorkalnis peninsula and the Castle Island.

Nothing like a beautiful road ahead. Photo by Alis Monte [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Connecting the Dots

Stirbaičiai Oak

The road ahead was finally something like I was expecting from this trip. We went back through Beržoras and entered Beržoras forest which we walked for 3km until we reached an ancient Stirbaičiai Oak. 21 m tall and 200 years old, it stands in a place where Royal forest of Grand Duchy of Lithuania once grew.

An ancient forest used to be in this place. Photo by Alis Monte [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Connecting the Dots

Trespassing an Ancient Forest

The road ahead was the most interesting part so far, we moved from marked paths to small forest ones. Not to even mention the beauty of the forest, finding a place to cross bogs we encountered was pretty fun.

Having a stick or two is really useful, when trying to cross a bog or swamp. Photo by Alis Monte [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Connecting the Dots

If you ever find yourself in a similar situation, take a stick to help balance yourself and if you fall in and the swamp starts to suck you, use it to hold on to something. In this way, you’ll spread your weight and should be able to slowly pull yourself out.

Samogitia is notoriously the last pagan state to be Christianized in the whole Europe. Photo by Alis Monte [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Connecting the Dots

One of the biggest surprise was to find, what looked at the start as a cross, a huge wooden sword. Samogitia was the last region to be Christianized in the whole of Europe, so maybe it is their way to be Christian, or maybe some still whisper the words of the Old Gods around this region.

Some parts of the park belongs not to people. Photo by Alis Monte [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Connecting the Dots

The forest around here is a maze, it is probably the spirits of an ancient royal forest still dwelling around and opens the passage only to the worthy ones. On a more serious note, we encountered many streams and bogs. At one place we even had to pass on a beaver damn as there was no better way through.

Sometimes you have to make your own way through. Photo by Alis Monte [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Connecting the Dots

Once we crossed the forest and bogs we had to walk for another 5km until we finally reached town Plateliai. It is the biggest settlement around Lake Plateliai and a good place to refill our supplies.

 

People around Lake Plateliai live together with nature. Photo by Alis Monte [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Connecting the Dots

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Town Plateliai

The first Plateliai were mentioned in historical record was in XV century. Back then the settlement stood on Šventorkalnis was it was connected to the Castle Island by a wooden bridge. The settlement started moving to a current location at the end of XVII century.

These days Plateliai is a popular resort town as lots of tourists come here for water-related entertainment on Lake Plateliai and historical significance of the region. In 2008 Plateliai was named as the best destination in Europe for tourists for its preservation of non-material heritage by European Destinations of Excellence.

Current Town Plateliai are just next to the old settlement and the castle island. Photo by Alis Monte [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Connecting the Dots

Šeirė Educational Route

After refilling in a store we went to an observation deck on the edge of the town where an old Plateliai settlement on Šventorkalnis and Castle Island are visible. Straight from there, we entered a Šeirės educational route, which we followed for 4km to reach our camping spot in Oak Island Campsite.

A bog was a part of Šairė Educational Route. Photo by Alis Monte [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Connecting the Dots

After our recent adventures the track looked somewhat boring. Crossing a bog through a bridge is not as fun as on your own. Everything seemed too idyllic but such is the purpose of Šeire Educational Route. Nevertheless, one landmark of the track got even our attention. A small hill – Kumelkaktė ( Mare’s forehead) by its own didn’t look very interesting but it had a secret – a legend.

According to the legend, Queen Bona Sforza drawned running from the enemies attacking the castle. Photo by Alis Monte [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Connecting the Dots

Legend of Queen Bona Sforza

The legend says Queen Bona Sforza used to ride her mare on Plateliai Lake and whoever tried, nobody could shoot them, it is told that the bullet returned and killed them. Once when enemies attacked Plateliai Castle, The Queen took her gold and tried to run to the Northern part of the lake. Somehow one bullet hit mare’s forehead and they both sank. Why that time the bullet was stronger than queen’s magic is uncertain as stories vary. But what is know that ever since that peninsula nearby is called Kumelkaktė.

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Campsite Ąžuolų Sala (Oak Island)

Our camping spot was on a next peninsula on the northern edge of Lake Plateliai. We built our camp near the shore of the lake and enjoyed all of the campsite alone throughout the evening, cooking or just chilling near a fireplace. It seems that the campsite is private and supposed to be 4€ per person, but we failed to understand how to pay for it. Maybe, because it’s was not a season for camping yet.

Setting up our camp at Oak Island Campsite. Photo by Alis Monte [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Connecting the Dots

Oak Island Campsite offered amazing view almost from all angles. It was even better than the last one. Overall, if I had to recommend a campsite for one night near Lake Plateliai, it would be Oak Island Campsite.

The lake was completely flat, thus the views were just astonishing. Photo by Alis Monte [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Connecting the Dots

Even though the sun was still setting in the woods it was able to color trees, clouds and the lake in front. It was a bit windy during the night because we put our tents near the lake, but overall, we had a way better sleep than the last night.

The Sun was setting behind us but clouds compensated for that. Photo by Alis Monte [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Connecting the Dots

Trek Around Lake Plateliai: Day 3

The morning was way smoother than the last one and after fast breakfast, with coffee, we moved on our way. Just a few hundred meters we found a small Pilale hill fort, not the best view, but it is always nice to walk on the ground where medieval fortifications stood and try to imagine how everything was back then.

Pilalė fillfort, Samogitia. Photo by Alis Monte [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Connecting the Dots

Beggars Island

The further road led us on the northern shore of Lake Plateliai with a nice panorama of the lake which included a small island called Ubagsalė. As the old tales tell, in the past beggars used to come here from a nearby village for a feast. That’s how the island got its name – Ubagsalė (eng. Beggars’ island).

Beggars island lone small islet up the northern part of Lake Plateliai. Photo by Alis Monte [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Connecting the Dots

 

Bird Watching Cabin

Our road separated from Lake Plateliai and we headed 8km up north to Gegrėnai hillfort track. What I love about exploring that it didn’t take long till we reached another interesting place. This time it was birdwatching cabin over a small lake. The view is amazing and you can learn about the local species. Apparently, there is an initiative to build places like these to teach people about endangered species in Samogitia National Park.

Even without binoculars the view from the bird-watching cabin is worth the small deviation. Photo by Alis Monte [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Connecting the Dots

 

Once we reached Gegrėnai, first we stopped for a lunch on a beautiful hill, which appeared to be an old graveyard. Thankfully, the spirits chose not to disturb our rest and after a short break, we headed further, towards the Gegrėnai hillfort track.

On journey like this, a good backpack could be a real life-saver. Photo by Alis Monte [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Connecting the Dots

Gegrėnai Hillfort Track

The whole Gegrėnai Hillfort complex includes two hillforts in both sides of an unnamed stream, two graveyards, ancient settlement and plenty of burrows.

 

A bridge between two Gegrėnai forthills. Photo by Alis Monte [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Connecting the Dots

It guessed that at this place once stood Curonian Ceklis lands Castle called “Gegre”, it was mentioned in 1253 historic sources and was the main castle of the county. Based on other hillforts found in the Ceklis lands, it is guessed that in this territory once were about 10 to 11 counties governed from a castle like this one.

What looks like a forest, once had a wooden castle standing on it. Photo by Alis Monte [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Connecting the Dots

 

On the left side of the stream, you can find a smaller and older hillfort with a size of 48 x 27 m (52.5 x 29.5 yd). Further south, on the other side of the stream, in a way bigger hillfort of 100 x 110 m (109 x 120 yd), once stood a newer castle. It is thought it was built when there were too many people around for the smaller hillfort defensive settlement.

The ancient Ceklis settlement is now inhabited by flowers. Photo by Alis Monte [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Connecting the Dots

 

The Road in-between

After the hillfort, we hit the dusty road again and walked for 7km to the energetic labyrinths and geometric shapes park. The road was not as boring as expected and just after 2km, we entered a dark and dense forest. It was full swamps and, sadly, we found a few trash fireplaces. At least it was in wet places, so it was impossible for it to spread. Still, it is not good for a local and global environment.

Beautiful idyllic green fields full of ticks. Bright pants is a real life-saver hiking in areas like this. Photo by Alis Monte [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Connecting the Dots

 

Energetic Labyrinths and Geometric Shapes Park

This is the somewhat exotic place, at least to me or any other person who never encountered anything like this. To explain it shortly, let’s do some labyrinths 101 with a short intro to it from the park itself:

It already existed around 4000 years ago, and they could be found almost in all basic religious traditions in the world. As well as pyramids, labyrinths consist of magic geometric forms, that create sacred space. Many people make a mistake thinking that energetic labyrinths are the same as the maze. However, a maze has impassable walls and lots of delusive turns, while energetic labyrinths consist of a single path, leading to the center and backward. It does not contain any closed walls.

Scientists these days tend to think that labyrinths affect the activity of a human brain. For example, when walking through a labyrinth path which suddenly turns 180 degrees – it causes one o your cerebral hemispheres of the brain to switch to another one. This process happens over and over again until you finish walking through the labyrinth. Using this method your brain starts working hard in a short period of time, hence the manifestation of many potential abilities and sudden power flows are possible. This is one of the reasons why it is believed that labyrinths perform miracles and change peoples’ lives. Bioenergetics scientists argue that geometric forms of labyrinths have their own energy fields that affect human energy fields. Once exposed to such energy, the human inside energy starts to feel harmony and peace.

I personally first time hear this field called bioenergetics, so doubt that the latter part should be taken seriously, but the neuroscience part f the brain makes sense. Anyway, be pragmatic and if you have a chance try it yourself.

Walking in circles, literally, can improve your creativity and cognition. Photo by Alis Monte [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Connecting the Dots

There are quite a few labyrinths inside this park, but on their effectiveness, you can decide once you try something like this yourself as we were in quite a rush, it was already relatively late, so I couldn’t relax and test it well enough myself. One way or another, if not for the labyrinths, another good reason to come here is for ice-cream or beer. The museum also has a small shop, where you can use a normal bathroom as well.

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The Road to Paplateliai

After cleaning our heads in labyrinths, we rushed out to our camping place near Paplateliai as it was getting late already. The path went through a cozy forest road straight to the town which seemed to be made completely out of buildings built for tourists. 

The highway of backpackers. Photo by Alis Monte [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Connecting the Dots

Plokštinė Campsite

This campsite seemed to be covered by Samogitia National Park visitor ticket. It lacked wood and was full of trash. The reason for it was obvious, the campsite surrounded a beach which offered a wonderful view over the lake. Even though the water was still very cold, a lot of people came here to chill and we had company until it was really late.

Due to the lack of remoteness, Plokštinė campsite was the least enjoyable from them all. Photo by Alis Monte [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Connecting the Dots

The view of Plateliai Lake was so clear that even Castle Island was visible on the other side of the lake. The beautiful sight was crowned by a Sunset straight into Lake Plateliai. Finally, we came to the east side of the lake, from which this beautiful event could be observed.

Photo by Alis Monte [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Connecting the Dots

Finish With a Bang

As we chilled near a fireplace we knew that the storm was coming. It was late and we decided to go to sleep. Just when I went to bed I was told by a friend that nearby city Klaipėda is under a heavy storm. We rushed out to look if we could see anything far away over the horizon. 

A dramatic finish for such a wonderful journey. Photo by Alis Monte [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Connecting the Dots

Just as we went out the first lightning struck, we went to the lake and it is hard to describe what we saw. It was a constant lightning in three different places at, any time. Even though it was pitch black dark already, the lightning made it clear as a day from time to time. After several minutes of observing this beautiful destructive power of nature, it started to rain and we had to go to tents.

The beautiful views of a magnificent sunset over Lake Plateliai was the highlight of the day 3. Photo by Alis Monte [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Connecting the Dots

Trek Around Lake Plateliai: Day 4

We woke up alive, dry and apparently everyone had a good sleep. We were too tired to be disturbed by the nights lightning show. After unpleasant packing and a warm cup of coffee, we rushed out to the Cold War Museum. We camped not too far from, only 3km away, near Paplateliai, in Plokštinė campsite.

The road was easy but boring further on. Photo by Alis Monte [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Connecting the Dots

Plokštinė Missile Base – The Cold War Museum

Not all of the park is hilly, on the east part of it you can find a relatively flat land called „plokštinė” (plokščias means flat). Here in occupation times, the Soviets build a secret missile base. If you are interested in the history of the last century this is the place to go, and for me personally, this THE PLACE to go in Lithuania. The missile base stands in a relatively good shape with a museum of the Cold War inside of it.

…What is used to be the most complex ballistic missile armed with nuclear warheads compound in Lithuania, to this day, Plokštinė missile base is surprisingly well preserved. Today, inside of it, you can visit the Cold War Museum, which reminds us of the history, which must never be forgotten. During this war, for the first time in the history of men, humans became capable of destroying itself…

Empty nuclear missile silo inside the Cold War Museum in Plokštinė nuclear missile base. Photo by Alis Monte [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Connecting the Dots

I wrote a separate article to share my experience of visiting the Cold War Museum in more detail, because that part of the history must be remembered. You can find the full blog entry about Plokštinė Nuclear Missile Base here.

After Walking, More Walking

After the museum, all is left just a 7km to the bus station near Bebrungėnai watermill, which will take us to Plungė for a train back to Vilnius. The funny thing that after three days of walking with 15kg backpack, walking 7km was easy as it’s ain’t nobody’s business.

The very last glimpses of Lake Plateliai. Photo by Alis Monte [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Connecting the Dots

 

Samogitian Dialect

We returned without any big adventures, just one thing to mention, if you ever end up in this part of Lithuania as a foreigner, don’t imagine that people from the city understand what people are talking. Yes, every Lithuanian speaks Lithuanian, but the dialect in some parts of Lithuania, especially Samogitia, gets so extreme that I personally understand bellow 50% of what people are saying to me.

On the other hand, they speak a way more archaic Language than I do and some linguists even consider it as a different language. Samogitian is the most archaic dialect in the most archaic Indo-European language in the world, so if you want to hear how the old language sounds, it might be a good idea to go to the countryside of Samogitia. Just don‘t expect the older generation talk English as well.

The ever-beautiful Lake Plateliai. Photo by Alis Monte [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Connecting the Dots

 

My Impressions of Lake Plateliai

To sum up, on this journey we were able to see not only the beauty of local nature and its surprises but also a lot of historic places which goes from medieval ages to relatively recent cold war times. And all of that is just a small part of a very small country up in the north of Europe. You have to keep wondering, keep exploring and nature will show its miracles to you.

The panorama of Lake Plateliai and Castle Island. What a journey it was. Photo by Alis Monte [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Connecting the Dots

Other Places to Visit in Samogitia National Park

Gardai Esker

Thought this place, not on this road, it is still a part of Samogitia National Park and if there is a possibility, I highly recommend to visit Gardai esker. The landscape is quite unique and you can see the terraforming power of glaciers in its full power. Wonder why? An esker is basically a narrow, but relatively long hill formed by withdrawing glacier.

The whole landscape of Lithuania was carved out by withdrawing glaciers. Photo by Alis Monte [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Connecting the Dots

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